Player to lose in the least moves.

The 1959 US Open Championship can only be remembered for one game and one player. While 'fools mate' has been known for many years, it takes a player of real skill and dedication to pull it off within a tournament. For this Trinka must be applauded.

White: Masefield
Black: Trinka

1: e4 g5
2: Nc3 f5
3: Qh5 mate

A loss on move 3!

Those who have misgivings about the validness of the above game for this title might be interested in the following master game, which took place at Moscow 1962.

White: Leonid Shamkovich
Black: Peter Dely

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Bc5
( a form of the classical defence)

6. Nxe5 Nxe4 7. Qe2 Nxe5 8. Qxe4 Qf6?
(a losing move, whereas blocking the e-file by 8...Qe7 would break the pin and leave Black with near equality)

9. d4 Bxd4 10. c3!
(Black must have missed the significance of this, driving the bishop from the defence of e5. Obviously not 10 Qxd4 Nf3+ and ...Qxd4, the point of his 8th move.)

10... Bc5 11. Bf4 Black resigns

The d-pawn is pinned, so the game could end 11... Bd6 12. Re1 winning a piece,
or 11... b5 12. Bxe5 Qe7 13 Qxa8 etc.

Source "The Return of Heroic Failures" by S.Pile
Sunday Times Magazine, Nov - Bernard Cafferty

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